Swat History


During the emergence of the State of Swat, there existed no defined system for various organs of the Government. But even then consolidation of the State authority and introducing courts, revenues, defense, health, education and infrastructure continued to evolve in a natural way.

On delegation of more powers to the Wali Ahd, Miangul Jahanzeb, the process of a comparatively more regular and defined organizational system gained momentum. In the middle of 1950s, most departments started functioning in proper shape.

Directorates of Health and Education under qualified heads made the tempo of development more objective and fast. Sharia courts in all the tehsils were functioning form the very inception of the State. Civil courts running under Riwaj Nama and Royal Decrees were playing their defined role in the running of the State. The first Director of Health was Dr. Najib Ullah, a devoted professional and a true lover of Swat. Under his vigilant guidance a large number of dispensaries and hospitals were established in every suitable location in the length and breadth of the State.

Similarly, Education Directorate was established headed by a sincere educationist, Mr. Sayed Yousuf Ali Shah. He also left no stone unturned in spreading the chain of schools in nooks and corner of the State. For keeping proper record of the State Forces, a separate office was working under Captain Faham Jan, assisted by Mirza Mohammad Azim and  a number of clerks attached to each captaincy.

Similarly, the State Public Works Department was carved out of almost nothing. Previously most of the construction works were carried out by State forces, supervised by a man called ‘Dastkhat Mistri” and Nakhwad Captain. The working of this branch of State was gradually developed and separate office, called State P.W.D was put to work. The first proper head of Building side was Muhammad Karim, designated as Senior S.D.O and the roads wing was headed by Road Engineer, Habibullah.

Works were no more awarded on nomination but proper comparative tenders were conducted and the lowest bidders were awarded the contract, after executing proper agreement between the State and the Contractor. Collection of revenue and import/export duties were supervised by Wazir Mall and Musheer Mall. All the income from various agencies were in cash and put in the State Treasury, controlled by the Mohthamim Swat. He maintained cash accounts and Wali Sahib checked and signed the accounts every morning on daily basis. When State was merged in 1969, a cash amount of 16 million, was handed over to the Pakistani authorities.

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