Military Report on Dir , Swat and Bajour (First Edition) was compiled by the Intelligence Branch , Division of the Chief of Staff, India, Shimla, in the year 1906. This report was compiled by Major A.C.M, Waterfield, M.V.O., D.A.Q.M.G. Further it covered the geography, communications, climates, resources, ethnography, history, administration, military and political aspects of Dir, Swat and Bajour areas. Those parts which are related to Swat are produced here for the interest of readers. Part 5 of this series is given below relating to the various clans/sub tribes of Swat.
“Akozai Yusufzai:… this tribe inhabits the whole of Swat proper, that is, from the village of Ain on both banks of the Swat river to its junction with the Panjkora, together with the area drained by the Panjkora river and its affluents to its junction on the right bank with the Rud river, with the exception of the lower portion of Panjkora Kohistan and the upper portions of the Baraul and Miandan valleys. Commencing with the Swat valley on the left bank and working upwards the sub-clans of the Akozai yusufzai are located in the following order :- In Lower Swat, the Ranizai and Khan Khel. In Upper Swat, the Kuz SuIizai, a generic name for the Aba Khel and Musa Khel, the Babuzai and the Bar Sulizai, another generic term including the Matorizai, Azzi Khel and Jinki Khel. All of these, except the Ranizai, are known collectively as the Baezai. Crossing over to the right bank and working downwards the sub-clans are the shamizai, Sebujni, Nikbi Khel, Shamozai; and in Lower Swat the Adinzni, Abazai, and Khadakzai. All of these, except the last two named, are known as Khwazozai. The whole valley is well populated. The population of Swat proper may be roughly estimated at 150,000 persons, of whom 30,000 to 40,000 are fighting men.
The inhabitants of Swat Kohistan, that is, from the village of Ain northwards to the head of the Swat vallev, are Torwals and Garhwis who are non-Pathan races of whom little is yet known. They would appear to be remnants of the races who, prior to the invasion of Swat by the Yusufzai Pathans in the sixteenth century, occupied both Lower and Upper Swat. They number some 30,000 persons. The language of the country is Pushtu except in Swat Kohistan and a portion of Panjkora Kohistan. The Pushtu spoken by the Yusafzai tribes is of the purest and clearest form of that language… The people inhabiting Swat Kohistan speaks two Ianguages, Torwali and Garhwi…”
Military Report on Dir , Swat and Bajour (First Edition), Intelligence Branch , Division of the Chief of Staff, India, Shimla (1906), Pages 16-19.
TO BE CONTINUED…