A man from my village Abuha, once claimed that Wali-e- Swat never designated a ‘Non Pakhtun’ as a Malak. He quoted an example of our village that there were only three Malaks and none of them were ‘Non Pakhtun’. He further argued that anyone who is not from any Khel, cannot be termed as Pakhtun. I asked him how much ‘Majib’ (Yearly Allowance that was paid by the State) his Malak uncle received from the State? He replie: “ twenty rupees per annum”. Thinking over his point of view, I mentally ticked the names of the Malaks I knew and found none of them Non-Pakhtun according to his formula.
I am not an anthropologist or a historian, but just a common half educated man. I am asking this question from the experts of genealogies as to identify that who are the rest of the people, having no lineage from any Khel and who are living with the certified Pakhtun clans for centuries. Are they ‘serfs’ as in Europe and Britain?
So far the State patronage and influence in the State of Swat, they were more powerful. They held the highest slots in the administration, the judicial set up and forces.
Starting from the times of Badshah Sahib, the Wazir Brothers were Non Pakhtuns and were the high ranking officers in the State forces. Similarly the Sepa Salar Syed Shahzad Gul, his son Sepa Salar Syed Bacha Gul, then his son Jahanzeb Pacha as Naib Salar were Non Pakhuns. To continue with the State force, some famous names were Gujar Bacha of Charbagh, Janas Pacha of Gogdara, Shamaka of Saidu, Nakhwad Captain of Tuha, Faham Jan of Garho, Mian Mustafa of Karakarh and Abdul Hanan of Balogram. There must be many more in the lowers ranks and file. Off course, Faqir Naib Salar Shaheed was also one of the top Non Pakhtun officers.
Now let us move to the administration and judicial side of the State. It must be kept in mind that all judicial officers of the State were administrative heads of their specified areas. They were collectors of revenue, supervisors of law and order and court officers as well. They were, in a simple way, municipal administrators too. Some famous ‘Non Pukhtoon’ officers were Amir Sed Khan (Wazir Mulk), Abdul Ahad (Tehsildar), Ainul Hadi (Hakim), Shirin (Hakim) of Amlook Dara, Sherin (Hakim) of Aman Kot, Azizul Rahman (Hakim) of Kabal, Saiful Malook (Masheer), Jan Sahib, P.S to Wali Swat, Mohammad Hakim Sahib of Charbagh, Rosool Khan Mian of Lilonai, Masheer Riasath, Abdullah Shah Hakim Tindodog, Said Ghafoor Shah Hakim Tindodog and Sultan Muhammad Treasury Officer.
I wonder if someone from the young generation takes course of research and trace the lineage of these names that I have mentioned.