Swat History


The leading Khans of Lower Swat are Inayat Khan and Bahram Khan of Thana and Sharif Khan and Sargand Khan, the rival Khans of Alladand. The principal Khans in Upper Swat are Habibullah Khan of Paitai, Mirdad Khan and Jamroz Khan of Mingoara…The Mian Guls of Swat, Amir Badshah, Gul Shahzada (Bacha Sahib) and Shirin Badshah, the three surviving grandsons of the Akhund of Swat, reside in Saidu in Upper Swat. Their descent and connection with the shrine of the Akhund, to which numbers flock from all parts of the country and from India, continue to give them considerable influence. They have lost the temporal power held by their grandfather, but continue to hold considerable spiritual influence over the country.

Saadullah, or the Mad Fakir, ‘Mullah Mastan’, whose connection with the fanatical rising in 1897 has been referred earlier, has lived now for sometime at Miandam near Paitai in Upper Swat and has given no trouble of late years. He has recently shown a desire to enter into friendly communications with the English authorities. A recent rival of the above, Fakir Rahmatullah Khan, has of late acquired some notoriety in Swat and may possibly be heard of again…

The country abounds in shrines of varying importance, the most popular shrines, being that of Pir Baba in Buner. Next in importance comes the grave of the Akhund of Swat in Saidu, Upper Swat. The more important minor shrines, of which there are hundreds, are Mian Allahdad Chishti at Alladand, Pir Baba at Totakan in Lower Swat, Shahid Baba in the Nikbi-Khel territory on the bank of the Swat river, Sheo Baba at Hariankot near Dir itself, Khan Shahid in Baraul-Bandai, Bibi Sahiba at Mayar in Jandul and others.

REFERENCE/SOURCE: Military Report on Dir , Swat and Bajour (First Edition), Intelligence Branch , Division of the Chief of Staff, India, Shimla (1906), Pages 55-64.

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