KPK History / Pakistan

BUNER – AS PART OF SWAT STATE

Buner now a full-fledged District was a part of Swat State as was Shangla and Indus Kohistan. Now, the ex-Princely State is divided into five districts and a sixth one is in under active consideration that may be named as ‘Upper Swat’.

Buner was administratively divided into seven tehsils as give below.

1.Tehsil Chagarzai

2.Tehsil Gagra

3.Tehsil Amazai

4.Tehsil Totalai

5.Tehsil Gadizai

6.Tehsil Salarzai

7.Tehsil Chamla

Daggar was declared head quarter with a Hakim stationed at the junction of all roads leading to every tehsil. Hakim was not only administrative head of Buner, but also appellate court for the above mentioned Tehsils and was Revenue Officer too. All the State employees stationed in Buner got their salaries from the sub treasury at Dagga. There were forts with considerable number of armed personals, headed by a Subedar for maintaining writ of the State. Massive forts were constructed in Daggar, Gadizai, Salarzai, Chagharzai, Chamla, Nagrai, Amazai, Gagra and Totalai.  The last two forts were different in design and capacity than the rest. The State Malatia was headed by Shamshi Khan of Elai. He was Captain incharge of the force assisted by three Subedar Major and many other ranks.

These Subedar Majors were Sikander Khan of Malak Pur, Muhammad Rauf Khan from Daggar and Said Karim Khan of Bajkata. Names of some Subedars, I remember were Nasozai Khan of Elai, Zahrullah of Daggar, Shah Baras Khan of Daggar, Hazrat Umar of Kalpanai, Musafar Khan of Koga, Jalandar of Jowar, and Muhammad Ayub Khan of Totalai.

Said Karim Khan Subedar Major of Bajkata also served as Tehsildar in many parts of the State. I met him once when he was Tehsildar at Alpurai and hosted a lunch for our officials of State P.W.D.

According to a British Report of 1895/96, the most influential Khan in Buner was Taj Khan of Daggar. However, after the establishment of the State of Swat, new people rose to prominence such as from Taj Khan family, Abdul Rauf Khan, Yaqub Khan, Zarin Khan of Kalpanai, Khan Bahadar Abdul Karim Khan, Babar Khan from Elai, Abdullah Khan from Totalai and Sayyed Sikander Shah of Malka. Some other events will be discussed in the next write up INSHA ALLAH.

Fazal Raziq Shahab belongs to the historic village of Aboha, Swat. His writings on Swat State provides very useful information to the general readers and researchers. He remained Swat State functionary and thus observed the happenings of the State very closely. He is the author of two books and his Columns has been a regular feature of Daily Azadi, Bakhabarswat.com and Lafzuna.com.
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Fazal Raziq Shahab belongs to the historic village of Aboha, Swat. His writings on Swat State provides very useful information to the general readers and researchers. He remained Swat State functionary and thus observed the happenings of the State very closely. He is the author of two books and his Columns has been a regular feature of Daily Azadi, Bakhabarswat.com and Lafzuna.com.
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