It is difficult to tell when exactly historiography began. However, historians have tried to trace the origin and development of historical thought which eventually led to the writing of history, but they have been unable to come up with a satisfactory answer. There are archaeological and textual evidences of recording of historical events in ancient times. These ancient texts were often in the form of stone inscriptions. For instance, the people of ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian Civilizations tried to keep some records of the past events. For instance, as pointed above, the inscriptions of Palermo Stone, found in the remains of the ancient Egyptian Civilizations were written in hieroglyphic script which has been deciphered now. The Palermo Stone which dates back to about 2350 BC, contains the annals or records of the ancient Kings of Egypt. It is an important source of ancient Egyptian history since it contains the records of the five dynasties of ancient Egyptian kings. The famous Rosetta Stone, another ancient Egyptian artifact discovered in 1799, contains a bilingual text (a text in two languages), written in three kinds of writings, which is meant to preserve the memory of the economic regulations of the state such as tax exemption to the temple priests.
STUDY GUIDE, MA HISTORY OF HISTORIOGRAPHY, ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, 2012, 23.